APRIL 06, 2020

Key points: 

  • There are over 500 – 700+ programming languages to date 
  • The top 5 programming languages you can consider learning for 2020 are Python, Java, C/C++, JavaScript, and R 
  • You can find jobs that require experience with these programming languages at 


New programming languages appear all the time. There are over 500+ programming languages out there – with some sources saying there are over 700. This makes it difficult to decide which programming language to learn and master. 

While it may seem like there is an infinite number of choices, there are a few programming languages that stand out and have been the preferred choice by developers and companies alike for many years. 

Here are the top 5 popular programming languages in 2020. 


Top 5 programming languages in 2020

  1. Python
  2. Java
  3. C/C++
  4. JavaScript
  5. R


Python is widely accepted as the best programming language for beginners to learn first. It is considered easy to learn and understand making it a great place to start. Python is a dynamic programming language that is fast, easy to deploy, and supports code readability, which means only a few lines of code are needed to express a point.  

It was created in the late 1980s by Guido van Rossum with the goal of making it fun to use. It was designed to be highly extensible – the language can be embedded in existing applications. You also won’t need a complier to write code in Python. 

It is a high-level, dynamic, advanced programming language used by websites like Youtube, Instagram, Pinterest, and more. Other web platforms supported by Python are NASA, Google, and Yahoo. 

Considering learning a new language or switching careers? Python is a great place to start. A lot of startups, as well as big businesses, use it as their primary backend language, creating opportunities for developers with experience with Python. 

Find Python jobs here:



Java was developed by James Gosling in 1995. It was originally made for interactive television, but developers realized that the language was too advanced for the industry. Today, it has multiple purposes and is used by many big websites like LinkedIn, Amazon, eBay, and others. 

It is an object-oriented, class-based, and concurrent language widely used for web development as well as for building enterprise-scale web applications due to its stability. 

Java is often used in Android app development as well, which is important because many businesses need an Android App to cater to the billions of Android users today. 

Looking for a developer job in a large organization or in Android app development? Java is the language to learn. 

Find Java jobs here:  


C/C++ is a widely-used programming language. Many low-level systems like operating systems, file systems, etc. are written in C/C++. C and C++ are both important languages to learn if you want to get into programming to make it easier to move on to other languages. 

C was developed back in the 70s and is a programming platform that can build elements for other languages like C++, Python, and Java. Those languages borrow features from C, which include aspects like control structures, syntax, and libraries. 

C++ is an object-oriented programming language that is similar to C in many ways. It also provides an STL (Standard Template Library), which is a pool of ready-to-use libraries for data structures, arithmetic operations, and algorithms. 

Want a job as a system-level programmer? Learn C/C++.


JavaScript is one of the most popular programming languages used to create and develop websites. It is the “frontend” or client-side programming language used to design interactive frontend applications – basically the elements you see and interact with on a website. It is what gives the frontend of a website a richer interface.  

JavaScript is accepted by all major browsers without the need for plug-ins and compliers, making it one of the reasons why JavaScript is so popular among developers and website owners. It also works on platforms that are not web-based, such as desktop widgets and even PDF documents. 

Find Front End Developer jobs here:  


R is a programming language commonly used in Data Analysis and Machine Learning. It provides frameworks and built-in libraries to develop Machine Learning algorithms, linear regression, statistical inference, and more. It is also used for general statistical computing and graphics.  

It was developed by Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman in 1993. It is mostly used in the Academic industry, but is also used in healthcare, government, and consulting. R is used by companies like Uber, Airbnb, Facebook, and more.  

Thinking about working with analytics, data, or machine learning? R is the language you need to learn.  

Find Data Analysis jobs here:  



APRIL 06, 2020